The French governmental system puts emphasis and values on the separation of powers and promoting the freedoms of French citizens. French laws, as with any other type of legal system, will prove to be diverse and extensive. However, the governmental system itself is very similar to that of the United States, having three branches of government.
Being a democracy, the French legal system will also have similarities to laws in the United States. For example, all French citizens over the age of 18 have the right to vote in public office elections. However, there are some aspects of the French Government and French laws that differ. For example, French law allows for the President to be elected to a term of five years, as opposed to the United States Presidential term of four years.
In terms of the French legal system, it is generally divided as private law or judicial law. Judicial French law includes civil and criminal law, while Public French Law entails administrative law and constitutional law.